The Electrocardiogram In The Age of Artificial Intelligence: Decoding Hidden Secrets With Deep Learning

The electrocardiogram (ECG) is arguably the cardiologist’s best friend. Willem Einthoven’s invention created one of the most widely used diagnostic tests in clinical practice. The ECG is an easily available, patient-friendly, noninvasive, inexpensive, and reproducible technique, without peer for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia, cardiac arrhythmias, structural changes of the myocardium, drug effects, and electrolyte