Key Takeaways From the 2022 AHA/ACC/HFSA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure

What’s new in the treatment of heart failure? The 2022 AHA/ACC/HFSA Guideline for the Management was just released in the beginning of April! While much of the ground it covers might not seem particularly groundbreaking to anyone who has been paying attention to discussions on #MedTwitter, #CardioTwitter or the latest clinical trials over the last … Read more

2022 AHA/ACC/HFSA Guideline for the Management of Heart Failure

The 2022 American College of Cardiology (ACC) meeting was held in Washington DC. It was the first ACC meeting offering both in-person and virtual participation. After two years of uncertainty about the future of scientific meetings, hopefully, the COVID-19 pandemic was under control, and the cardiovascular community had the opportunity to meet colleagues, friends, and … Read more

Clinical Practice Guidelines Part 1: Why and How Are They Developed

Clinical practice guidelines find extensive usage worldwide amongst both researchers and clinicians. In 2021, I had the opportunity to act as one of the trainee members of two guideline groups of the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) with the experience being transformative. The following will be a multi-part series on the why’s … Read more

DAPA-CKD: Is SGLT2i the ANSWER? Will the guidelines change?

Over the past years, series of clinical trials prove the beneficial effect of glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in reducing the risk of cardiovascular events in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The results from these trials were consistent, significant, and demonstrated a considerable reduction in heart failure hospitalization among patients who used SGLT2 inhibitors, … Read more

Any Physical Activity is Enough

When I was a nutrition intern in 2014, I would excitedly tell patients that walking 30 minutes a day, 5 days a week doesn’t have to be a daunting goal. In fact, research showed that accumulating bouts of 10 minutes conferred cardiac benefits. Under the often cited “150 minutes/week moderate activity or 75 minutes/week vigorous … Read more